|Citation:||Yao Wang, Chi-hui Guo, Xi-jie Chen, Li-qiong Jia, Xiao-na Guo, Rui-shan Chen, Mao-sheng Zhang, Ze-yu Chen, Hao-dong Wang, 2021. Carbon peak and carbon neutrality in China: Goals, implementation path and prospects, China Geology, 4, 720-746. doi: 10.31035/cg2021083|
Climate change is a common problem in human society. The Chinese government promises to peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and strives to achieve carbon neutralization by 2060. The proposal of the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutralization has led China into the era of climate economy and set off a green change with both opportunities and challenges. On the basis of expounding the objectives and specific connotation of China’s carbon peak and carbon neutralization, this paper systematically discusses the main implementation path and the prospect of China’s carbon peak and carbon neutralization. China’s path to realizing carbon neutralization includes four directions: (1) in terms of carbon dioxide emission control: energy transformation path, energy conservation, and emission reduction path; (2) for increasing carbon sink: carbon capture, utilization, and storage path, ecological governance, and land greening path; (3) in key technology development: zero-carbon utilization, coal new energy coupling, carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS), energy storage technology and other key technology paths required to achieve carbon peak and carbon neutralization; (4) from the angle of policy development: Formulate legal guarantees for the government to promote the carbon trading market; Formulate carbon emission standards for enterprises and increase publicity and education for individuals and society. Based on practicing the goal and path of carbon peak and carbon neutralization, China will vigorously develop low carbon and circular economy and promote green and high-quality economic development; speed up to enter the era of fossil resources and promoting energy transformation; accelerate the integrated innovation of green and low-carbon technologies and promote carbon neutrality.
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The analytical framework of carbon neutral contents (after Zhang XY et al., 2021)
China’s energy-related carbon emission under carbon neutrality scenario (after Wang LN, 2021)
CO2 emission trajectories under conventional and accelerated energy transition scenarios in China from 2020–2050 (after Zhang HY et al., 2021).
The volume and global proportion of China installed coal-fueled power generation during 2000–2020 (after Li J, 2021).
China’s demand for oil under different scenarios (after Wang LN, 2021).
Changes in China’s energy consumption structure under the target of 2℃. (Data source: China's long-term low-carbon development strategy and transformation path).
The sketch of energy improvement in the production of circular economy (after Zhou HC, 2021).
Total installed capacity and structure of power in China from 2020 to 2060 (Data source: China Energy and Electricity Outlook 2020).
The proportion of direct CO2 emissions from China’s industries in 2020 (after Su J, 2021).
China’s biomass resources in 2020, 2030, and 2050 (after Fan JL, 2021).
System process of DAC (after Sutherland BR, 2019).
China’s first oceanic CO2 sequestration demonstration project in the Pearl River Mouth Basin (Source: China National Offshore Oil Corporation).
Ecological protection and restoration projects for mountains, rivers, forests, cropland, lakes, and grassland, with China’s ecological security strategic pattern (after Luo M et al., 2019).
Forest carbon sink areas in China Data (Data source: China Energy and Electricity Outlook 2020).
Prediction of China’s hydrogen energy demand under carbon neutrality scenario (after Liu W, 2021).
Boundary sketch of power generation technology by different biomass resources (after Li J, 2021).
Total scale of China’ s energy storage market (after Chen HS, 2021).
Structure sketch of carbon industrial system with the core of CCDUS/CCS (after Zou CN et al., 2021).
Technical system sketch of hydrogen industry with green hydrogen as the core (after Zou CN et al., 2021).