China Geological Environment Monitoring Institute, China Geological Disaster Prevention Engineering Industry AssociationHost
2021 Vol. 32, No. 6
Article Contents

ZHOU Xinjing, GUO Yu, ZHENG Xiaozhan, LI Jingjing, ZHANG Junling, ZHU Zhaoyu. Karst collapse characteristics, disaster factors and risk analysis in Xiamao Village, Baiyun District, Guangzhou City[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 2021, 32(6): 63-71. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.06-08
Citation: ZHOU Xinjing, GUO Yu, ZHENG Xiaozhan, LI Jingjing, ZHANG Junling, ZHU Zhaoyu. Karst collapse characteristics, disaster factors and risk analysis in Xiamao Village, Baiyun District, Guangzhou City[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 2021, 32(6): 63-71. doi: 10.16031/j.cnki.issn.1003-8035.2021.06-08

Karst collapse characteristics, disaster factors and risk analysis in Xiamao Village, Baiyun District, Guangzhou City

More Information
  • Xiamao Village has been suffered from serious karst collapse geological disasters. The geological environment conditions in the collapse area are extremely complex. Karst soil caves of hidden limestone have strong development, and karst caves and soil caves are large in scale. Moreover, there are many karst caves with good connectivity among karst caves. The bedrock surface of karst collapse area fluctuates greatly, elevation changes sharply, the Quaternary overburden is thick, and the bottom silty clay layer soil is very large in saze. The cave development, the large-scale cave in the soil is the material foundation of karst ground collapse. In the bedrock fault structural zone and its influence zone, the rock is broken, and the water guide fault is formed. There is groundwater runoff channel. The groundwater circulation along the fault zone is active and the dissolution is strong, forming a strong karst development zone, which provides a good dynamic condition for the occurrence of karst collapse. The construction of the building foundation in the area disturbed the balance between groundwater and soil cave, which became the inducing factor of ground collapse. The risk assessment of karst ground subsidence is carried out by using seven geological environmental conditions and five economic and demographic indexes respectively. The results show that the potential geological disaster risk is large in Xiamao Village. Only by strictly controlling the dynamic conditions of groundwater can avoid karst ground collapse.

  • 加载中
  • [1] DOĞAN U, YıLMAZ M. Natural and induced sinkholes of the obruk plateau and karapınar-hotamış plain, Turkey[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,2011,40(2):496 − 508. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2010.09.014

    CrossRef Google Scholar

    [2] BENAC Č, JURAČIĆ M, MATIČEC D, et al. Fluviokarst and classical karst: examples from the dinarics (krk island, northern adriatic, croatia)[J]. Geomorphology,2013,184:64 − 73. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2012.11.016

    CrossRef Google Scholar

    [3] HEIDARI M, KHANLARI G R, TALEB BEYDOKHTI A R, et al. The formation of cover collapse sinkholes in North of Hamedan, Iran[J]. Geomorphology,2011,132(3/4):76 − 86.

    Google Scholar

    [4] DURINGERA P, BACONB A M, SAYAVONGKHAMDYC T, et al. Karst development, breccias history, and mammalian assemblages in Southeast Asia: A brief review[J]. Comptes Rendus Palevol,2012,11(2−3):133 − 157.

    Google Scholar

    [5] DURINGER P, BACON A M, SAYAVONGKHAMDY T, et al. Karst development, breccias history, and mammalian assemblages in Southeast Asia: A brief review[J]. Comptes Rendus Palevol,2012,11(2/3):133 − 157.

    Google Scholar

    [6] SONG K I, CHO G C, CHANG S B. Identification, remediation, and analysis of karst sinkholes in the longest railroad tunnel in South Korea[J]. Engineering Geology,2012,135/136:92 − 105. doi: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2012.02.018

    CrossRef Google Scholar

    [7] EPTING J, HUGGENBERGER P, GLUR L. Integrated investigations of karst phenomena in urban environments[J]. Engineering Geology,2009,109(3/4):273 − 289.

    Google Scholar

    [8] FIDELIBUS M D, GUTIÉRREZ F, SPILOTRO G. Human-induced hydrogeological changes and sinkholes in the coastal gypsum karst of Lesina Marina area (Foggia Province, Italy)[J]. Engineering Geology,2011,118(1/2):1 − 19.

    Google Scholar

    [9] COOPER A H, FARRANT A R, PRICE S J. The use of karst geomorphology for planning, hazard avoidance and development in Great Britain[J]. Geomorphology,2011,134(1/2):118 − 131.

    Google Scholar

    [10] NOVEL J P, DIMADI A, ZERVOPOULOU A, et al. The aggitis karst system, eastern Macedonia, Greece: Hydrologic functioning and development of the karst structure[J]. Journal of Hydrology,2007,334(3/4):477 − 492.

    Google Scholar

    [11] 胡亚波, 刘广润, 肖尚德, 等. 一种复合型岩溶地面塌陷的形成机理: 以武汉市烽火村塌陷为例[J]. 地质科技情报,2007,26(1):96 − 100. [HU Yabo, LIU Guangrun, XIAO Shangde, et al. Mechanism of a compound karst surface collapse: A case study in Fenghuo village of Wuhan city[J]. Geological Science and Technology Information,2007,26(1):96 − 100. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7849.2007.01.017

    CrossRef Google Scholar

    [12] 罗小杰. 武汉地区浅层岩溶发育特征与岩溶塌陷灾害防治[J]. 中国岩溶,2013,32(4):419 − 432. [LUO Xiaojie. Features of the shallow karst development and control of karst collapse in Wuhan[J]. Carsologica Sinica,2013,32(4):419 − 432. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

    [13] 陈学军, 周明芳, 陈富坚, 等. 岩溶地区破坏性抽水致塌试验研究: 以广西桂林西城区为例[J]. 地质科技情报,2002,21(1):79 − 82. [CHEN Xuejun, ZHOU Mingfang, CHEN Fujian, et al. Destructive pumping test to study the characteristics of karst collapses in limestone region: A case study in the western urban area of Guilin City[J]. Geological Science and Technology Information,2002,21(1):79 − 82. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7849.2002.01.018

    CrossRef Google Scholar

    [14] 康春景, 张绪教, 吴中海, 等. 滇西怒江河谷潞江段岩溶发育特征及其对工程的影响[J]. 地质通报,2012,31(增刊1):374 − 381. [KANG Chunjing, ZHANG Xujiao, WU Zhonghai, et al. Karst development along Lujiang segment of the Nujiang(Salween) river in western Yunnan Province and its potential influence on the railway project[J]. Geological Bulletin of China,2012,31(Sup1):374 − 381. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

    [15] 郭宇, 周心经, 郑小战, 等. 广州夏茅村岩溶地面塌陷成因机理与塌陷过程分析[J]. 中国地质灾害与防治学报,2020,31(5):54 − 59. [GUO Yu, ZHOU Xinjing, ZHENG Xiaozhan, et al. Analysis on formation mechanism and process of karst collapse in Xiamao Village, Guangzhou City of Guangdong Province[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control,2020,31(5):54 − 59. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

    [16] 黄健民, 吕镁娜, 郭宇, 等. 广州金沙洲岩溶地面塌陷地质灾害成因分析[J]. 中国岩溶,2013,32(2):167 − 174. [HUANG Jianmin, LYV Meina, GUO Yu, et al. Research on the reason for geologic disaster by karst surface collapse at Jinshazhou in Guangzhou[J]. Carsologica Sinica,2013,32(2):167 − 174. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-4810.2013.02.007

    CrossRef Google Scholar

    [17] 黄健民, 郭宇, 胡让全, 等. 广州金沙洲地面沉降成因分析[J]. 中国地质灾害与防治学报,2013,24(2):61 − 67. [HUANG Jianmin, GUO Yu, HU Rangquan, et al. Analysis of land subsidence in Jinshazhou area, Guangzhou City[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control,2013,24(2):61 − 67. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

    [18] 郑小战, 郭宇, 戴建玲, 等. 广州市典型岩溶塌陷区岩溶发育及影响因素[J]. 热带地理,2014,34(6):794 − 803. [ZHENG Xiaozhan, GUO Yu, DAI Jianling, et al. Karst development and influencing factors in typical karst collapse districts of Guangzhou[J]. Tropical Geography,2014,34(6):794 − 803. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

    [19] 郑小战, 郭宇, 戴建玲, 等. 岩溶区线性工程影响下的地下水监测及数值模拟研究: 以广州市金沙洲为例[J]. 中国岩溶,2016,35(6):657 − 666. [ZHENG Xiaozhan, GUO Yu, DAI Jianling, et al. Groundwater monitoring and numerical simulation under the influence of linear engineering in karst areas: A case study of the Jinshazhou area, Guangzhou City[J]. Carsologica Sinica,2016,35(6):657 − 666. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

    [20] 郭宇, 黄健民, 周志远, 等. 广东广州市白云区金沙洲地区地质灾害现状及防治对策[J]. 中国地质灾害与防治学报,2013,24(3):100 − 104. [GUO Yu, HUANG Jianmin, ZHOU Zhiyuan, et al. Geological hazard situation and control countermeasures in Jinshazhou area, Baiyun district of Guangzhou City[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control,2013,24(3):100 − 104. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

    [21] 郭宇, 黄健民, 陈建新, 等. 广州市白云区金沙洲地区地质灾害风险区划[J]. 热带地理,2013,33(6):659 − 665. [GUO Yu, HUANG Jianmin, CHEN Jianxin, et al. Regionalization of geological disaster risk in Jinshazhou area, Baiyun district, Guangzhou[J]. Tropical Geography,2013,33(6):659 − 665. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

    [22] 苏扣林, 黄永贵, 郑小战. 广州市荔湾区大坦沙岩溶地面塌陷成因及其稳定性评价[J]. 热带地理,2012,32(2):167 − 172. [SU Koulin, HUANG Yonggui, ZHENG Xiaozhan. Karst ground subsidence and stability evaluation for datansha, Guangzhou[J]. Tropical Geography,2012,32(2):167 − 172. (in Chinese with English abstract) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5221.2012.02.009

    CrossRef Google Scholar

    [23] 骆荣,郑小战,张凡,等. 广花盆地西北部赤坭镇岩溶发育规律[J]. 热带地理,2011,31(6):565 − 569. [LUO Rong, ZHENG Xiaozhan, ZHANG Fan, et al. Study of karst development rule in Chini Town in northwest Guanghua basin[J]. Tropical Geography,2011,31(6):565 − 569. (in Chinese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar

  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Figures(7)

Tables(3)

Article Metrics

Article views(953) PDF downloads(10) Cited by(0)

Access History

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint